The Earth is a treasure trove of wonders – and this includes amazing volcanos in the landscape. These are truly fascinating, and there is plenty to learn – starting with all the parts. Ready to learn more? Let’s get started!
Step-By-Step Images and Instructions
Use a black pen to draw a curved line in the center of your page, and add a series of smaller circles all around the edge of this.
Next, gran the black pen and a ruler, and draw three sets of horizontal, parallel lines descending from this shape. Leave a gap at the bottom, and connect the ends of each pair with a curved line.
Next, bring curved lines down and in on either side at the bottom, and then add two short, parallel vertical lines.
Use the ruler to draw a diagonal line at the bottom left and the bottom right, and take a short, horizontal line across the center just above this. Take the line down on the right, and then add two parallel lines pointing towards the top right-hand corner of the page. Join these with a curved line, and then continue the line down and towards the bottom right-hand corner.
Next, use the ruler to add a line emerging on the left, heading towards the bottom left-hand corner.
Add curved lines emerging from the central line on the left, and add a “bump” to the end of this.
Continue the line down below this, and gently angle it out at the bottom, just as you have on the other side. Use the ruler to draw another straight, diagonal line, this time on the right.
Connect the top of the section on the right to the straight line with a horizontal mark, and to the line below it with a slightly curved section.
Use the ruler to draw a horizontal line across the bottom of the two diagonal lines, skipping the channel in the center.
Bring a line down on either side of this, and add a horizontal line at the bottom. Connect these with curves at the corners to create a rectangle.
Use the ruler to add two more horizontal lines across the center of the rectangle.
Now, use the ruler to add more diagonal lines inside those at the edges…
Now, add another line inside that on the very right, and another to the left of that.
Use a yellow pen for the shape in the center.
Then, use a black pen for alternate diagonal stripes, and the shape on the right…
Use a brown pen for the small circles at the top, and the two rectangles at the bottom.
Use a brown pencil for the stripe in the center of these, and the shape at the top.
Then, use a black pencil for the stripes in between the black ones.
Grab a black fineliner and a ruler, and add a series of lines all across the volcano.
Now, use the black fineliner for the title (“Volcano Cross Section”), and label the relevant parts of the volcano. From the bottom: Magma reservoir, Country rock, Conduit, Base, Sill, Flank, Lava, Summit, Crater, Ash cloud, Throat, Vent, Parasitic cone, Dike, Ash.
Don’t forget – learning the parts is only the beginning; a volcano is a fascinating part of nature, and there is plenty to explore and discover!